New executive authority faces challenges of “mercenaries and coastal road”

The British magazine “The Economist” saw that opening the coastal road is one of the tasks facing the new Libyan government, despite the fact that holding the presidential and parliamentary elections in December is its primary task.

The Economist said in a report that the executive authorities (the government headed by Abdul Hamid Dbeibah, and the Presidential Council headed by Mohammed Menfi), who were chosen through the Libyan Political Dialogue Forum, are facing some old problems, the biggest of which is the interference of foreign powers in the country.

The report stated that “some of these foreign powers may not want the new administration to succeed, but there has been reason for hope in the past six months in the ceasefire negotiated by the United Nations in October, knowing that it had been in place, and prisoners have been exchanged.

In September, the oil export ban was lifted, a single exchange rate for the Libyan dinar was agreed on, and flights between East and West were resumed.

In a comparison between the new government and the Government of National Accord, the report indicated that when the United Nations established the GNA in 2015, the parties met behind closed doors and imposed Fayez Al-Sarraj as Head of the Presidential Council, but the choice of the new prime minister was more transparent, as the proceedings of the dialogue forum were broadcast live on the UN website, as well as interviews with candidates for the Presidential Council and Prime Minister.

The Economist pointed out that the LPDF members surprised observers by rejecting a list of powerful politicians from East and West in favor of people who had not held high-ranking positions previously.

On the other hand, the countries involved in the Libyan crisis ignored the January 23 deadline set by the United Nations to withdraw mercenaries and foreign fighters, making this file a major challenge for the new authorities.

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